International human rights law recognizes the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living, including adequate housing. Adequate housing was recognized as part of the right to an adequate standard of living in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Other international human rights treaties have since recognized or referred to the right to adequate housing or some elements of it, such as the protection of one’s home and privacy.
The importance of having a home that is appropriate to each person’s circumstances becomes more apparent as we age, as our needs change, as we may have problems with mobility, vision, hearing, or even memory. The adaptation of the house is very important for the safety and well-being of older people, as it allows them to live independently longer, feel safer and avoid accidents.
We must also take into account the aging population in Europe. According to Eurostatt, more than one-fifth (20.3%) of the EU-27 population was 65 or older in 2019. In addition, there are socio-cultural factors such as the inclusion of women in the labor market and the fact that families have fewer children, so families are unable or unwilling to care for the elderly. In addition, older people are more active and value their independence.